CMV 
A gear shifting model (cmv or gspv or dtgs). 
CMV_Cold_Hot 
A gear shifting model (cmv or gspv or dtgs). 
CVT 
Continuously variable transmission model. 
DTGS 
A decision tree to predict gears. 
GSPV 
A gear shifting model (cmv or gspv or dtgs). 
GSPV_Cold_Hot 
A gear shifting model (cmv or gspv or dtgs). 
MVL 
Matrix velocity limits (upper and lower bound) [km/h]. 
accelerations 
Acceleration vector [m/s2]. 
active_cylinder_ratios 
Possible active cylinder ratios []. 
active_cylinders 

active_exhausted_gas_recirculations 

active_lean_burns 

active_variable_valves 

aerodynamic_drag_coefficient 
Aerodynamic drag coefficient []. 
after_treatment_cooling_duration 
After treatment cooling duration [s]. 
after_treatment_power_model 
After treatment speed model. 
after_treatment_speed_model 
After treatment speed model. 
after_treatment_speeds_delta 
Engine speed delta due to the after treatment warm up [RPM]. 
after_treatment_temperature_threshold 
Engine coolant temperature threshold when the after treatment system is warm [°C]. 
after_treatment_warm_up_duration 
After treatment warm up duration [s]. 
after_treatment_warm_up_phases 
Phases when engine speed is affected by the after treatment warm up []. 
air_density 
Air density [kg/m3]. 
alternator_charging_currents 
Mean charging currents of the alternator (for negative and positive power)[A]. 
alternator_current_model 
Alternator current model. 
alternator_currents 
Alternator currents [A]. 
alternator_efficiency 
Alternator efficiency []. 
alternator_electric_powers 
Alternator electric power [kW]. 
alternator_nominal_voltage 
Alternator nominal voltage [V]. 
alternator_powers 
Alternator power [kW]. 
angle_slope 
Angle slope [rad]. 
angle_slopes 
Angle slope vector [rad]. 
atct_family_correction_factor 
Family correction factor for representative regional temperatures []. 
auxiliaries_power_loss 
Constant power loss due to engine auxiliaries [kW]. 
auxiliaries_power_losses 
Engine power losses due to engine auxiliaries [kW]. 
auxiliaries_torque_loss 
Constant torque loss due to engine auxiliaries [N*m]. 
auxiliaries_torque_loss_factors 
Constant torque loss factors due to engine auxiliaries [N/m2, N*m]. 
auxiliaries_torque_losses 
Engine torque losses due to engine auxiliaries [N*m]. 
bag_phases 
Bag phases []. 
belt_efficiency 
Belt efficiency []. 
belt_mean_efficiency 
Belt mean efficiency []. 
brake_powers 

calibration_status 

cargo_mass 
Cargo mass [kg]. 
change_gear_window_width 
Time window used to apply gear change filters [s]. 
clutch_phases 
When the clutch is active []. 
clutch_speed_model 
Clutch speed model. 
clutch_tc_mean_efficiency 
Clutch or torque converter mean efficiency []. 
clutch_tc_powers 
Clutch or torque converter power [kW]. 
clutch_tc_powers_out 
Clutch or torque converter power out [kW]. 
clutch_tc_speeds_delta 
Engine speed delta due to the clutch or torque converter [RPM]. 
clutch_window 
Clutching time window [s]. 
co2_emission_EUDC 
CO2 emission on EUDC NEDC phase [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emission_UDC 
CO2 emission on UDC NEDC phase [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emission_extra_high 
CO2 emission on extra high WLTP phase [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emission_high 
CO2 emission on high WLTP phase [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emission_low 
CO2 emission on low WLTP phase [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emission_medium 
CO2 emission on medium WLTP phase [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emission_value 
CO2 emission value corrected for RCB [CO2g/km]. 
co2_emissions 
CO2 instantaneous emissions vector [CO2g/s]. 
co2_emissions_model 
CO2 emissions model (co2_emissions = models(params)). 
co2_normalization_references 
CO2 normalization references (e.g., engine loads) []. 
co2_params 
CO2 emission model parameters (a2, b2, a, b, c, l, l2, t, trg). 
co2_params_calibrated 
CO2 emission model parameters (a2, b2, a, b, c, l, l2, t, trg). 
co2_params_initial_guess 
Initial guess of co2 emission model params. 
co2_rescaling_scores 

correct_f0 
A different preconditioning cycle was used for WLTP and NEDC? 
correct_start_stop_with_gears 
A flag to impose engine on when there is a gear > 0. 
corrected_co2_emission_value 
Corrected CO2 emission value of the cycle [CO2g/km]. 
corrected_sustaining_co2_emission_value 
Corrected CO2 emission value of the cycle [CO2g/km]. 
curb_mass 
Curb mass [kg]. 
cycle_type 
Cycle type (WLTP or NEDC). 
dcdc_charging_currents 
Mean charging currents of the DC/DC converter (for negative and positive power)[A]. 
dcdc_converter_currents 
DC/DC converter currents [A]. 
dcdc_converter_efficiency 
DC/DC converter efficiency []. 
dcdc_converter_electric_powers 
DC/DC converter electric power [kW]. 
dcdc_converter_electric_powers_demand 
DC/DC converter electric power demand [kW]. 
dcdc_current_model 
DC/DC converter current model. 
declared_co2_emission_value 

declared_sustaining_co2_emission_value 

delta_time_engine_starter 
Time elapsed to turn on the engine with electric starter [s]. 
distances 
Cumulative distance vector [m]. 
downscale_factor 
Velocity downscale factor []. 
downscale_factor_threshold 
Velocity downscale factor threshold []. 
downscale_phases 
Downscale phases [s]. 
drive_battery_capacity 
Drive battery capacity [Ah]. 
drive_battery_currents 
Drive battery current vector [A]. 
drive_battery_delta_state_of_charge 
Overall delta state of charge of the drive battery [%]. 
drive_battery_electric_powers 
Drive battery electric power [kW]. 
drive_battery_load 
Drive electric load [kW]. 
drive_battery_loads 
Drive battery load vector [kW]. 
drive_battery_model 
Drive battery current model. 
drive_battery_n_cells 
Number of battery cells []. 
drive_battery_n_parallel_cells 
Number of battery cells in parallel []. 
drive_battery_n_series_cells 
Number of battery cells in series []. 
drive_battery_nominal_voltage 
Drive battery nominal voltage [V]. 
drive_battery_ocv 
Drive battery open circuit voltage [V]. 
drive_battery_r0 
Drive battery resistance [ohm]. 
drive_battery_state_of_charges 
State of charge of the drive battery [%]. 
drive_battery_technology 
Drive battery technology type (e.g., NiMH, LiNCA (LiNiCoAl), etc.). 
drive_battery_voltages 
Drive battery voltage [V]. 
ecms_s 
Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy params. 
electrical_hybridization_degree 
Electrical hybridization degree (i.e., mild, full, plugin, electric). 
elevations 
Elevation vector [m]. 
enable_phases_willans 
Enable the calculation of Willans coefficients for all phases? 
enable_willans 
Enable the calculation of Willans coefficients for the cycle? 
engine_capacity 
Engine capacity [cm3]. 
engine_coolant_temperatures 
Engine coolant temperature vector [°C]. 
engine_fuel_lower_heating_value 
Fuel lower heating value [kJ/kg]. 
engine_has_cylinder_deactivation 
Does the engine have cylinder deactivation technology? 
engine_has_variable_valve_actuation 
Does the engine feature variable valve actuation? []. 
engine_heat_capacity 
Engine heat capacity [kg*J/K]. 
engine_idle_fuel_consumption 
Fuel consumption at hot idle engine speed [g/s]. 
engine_inertia_powers_losses 
Engine power losses due to inertia [kW]. 
engine_is_turbo 
If the engine is equipped with any kind of charging. 
engine_mass 
Engine mass [kg]. 
engine_max_power 
Engine nominal power [kW]. 
engine_max_speed 
Maximum allowed engine speed [RPM]. 
engine_max_torque 
Engine nominal torque [N*m]. 
engine_moment_inertia 
Engine moment of inertia [kg*m2]. 
engine_n_cylinders 
Number of engine cylinders []. 
engine_powers_out 
Engine power vector [kW]. 
engine_speed_at_max_power 
Rated engine speed [RPM]. 
engine_speed_at_max_velocity 
Engine speed at maximum velocity [RPM]. 
engine_speeds_base 
Engine speed at hot condition [RPM]. 
engine_speeds_out 
Engine speed [RPM]. 
engine_speeds_out_hot 
Engine speed at hot condition [RPM]. 
engine_starts 
When the engine starts []. 
engine_stroke 
Engine stroke [mm]. 
engine_temperature_derivatives 
Derivative of the engine temperature [°C/s]. 
engine_temperature_regression_model 
Engine temperature regression engine_temperature_regression_model. 
engine_thermostat_temperature 
Engine thermostat temperature [°C]. 
engine_thermostat_temperature_window 
Thermostat engine temperature limits [°C]. 
engine_type 
Engine type (positive turbo, positive natural aspiration, compression). 
equivalent_gear_box_heat_capacity 
Equivalent gear box heat capacity [kg*J/K]. 
extended_phases_co2_emissions 
Extended CO2 emission of cycle phases [CO2g/km]. 
extended_phases_integration_times 
Extended cycle phases integration times [s]. 
f0 
Rolling resistance force [N] when angle_slope == 0. 
f0_uncorrected 
Uncorrected rolling resistance force [N] when angle_slope == 0. 
f1 
Defined by dyno procedure [N/(km/h)]. 
f2 
As used in the dyno and defined by respective guidelines [N/(km/h)^2]. 
final_drive_efficiency 
Final drive efficiency []. 
final_drive_mean_efficiency 
Final drive mean efficiency []. 
final_drive_powers_in 
Final drive power in [kW]. 
final_drive_powers_out 
Final drive power out [kW]. 
final_drive_ratio 
Final drive ratio []. 
final_drive_ratios 
Final drive ratios []. 
final_drive_speeds_in 
Final drive speed in [RPM]. 
final_drive_torques_in 
Final drive torque in [N*m]. 
first_gear_box_ratio 
Gear box ratio of the first gear []. 
fmep_model 
Engine FMEP model. 
force_on_engine 
Phases when engine is on because parallel mode is forced []. 
frontal_area 
Frontal area of the vehicle [m2]. 
fuel_carbon_content 
Fuel carbon content [CO2g/g]. 
fuel_carbon_content_percentage 
Fuel carbon content [%]. 
fuel_consumptions 
The instantaneous fuel consumption vector [g/s]. 
fuel_density 
Fuel density [g/l]. 
fuel_heating_value 
Fuel heating value [kWh/l]. 
fuel_map 
Fuel consumption map [RPM, kW, g/s]. 
fuel_mass 
Fuel mass [kg]. 
fuel_saving_at_strategy 
Apply the ecomode gear shifting? 
fuel_type 
Fuel type (diesel, gasoline, LPG, NG, ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, propane). 
full_load_curve 
Vehicle full load curve. 
full_load_powers 
T1 map power vector [kW]. 
full_load_speeds 
T1 map speed vector [RPM]. 
full_load_torques 
T1 map torque vector [N*m]. 
gear_box_efficiencies 
Gear box efficiency vector []. 
gear_box_efficiency_constants 
Vehicle gear box efficiency constants. 
gear_box_efficiency_parameters_cold_hot 
Parameters of gear box efficiency model for cold/hot phases: 
gear_box_mean_efficiency 
Gear box mean efficiency []. 
gear_box_mean_efficiency_guess 
Gear box mean efficiency guess []. 
gear_box_powers_in 
Gear box power vector [kW]. 
gear_box_powers_out 
Gear box power vector [kW]. 
gear_box_ratios 
Gear box ratios []. 
gear_box_speeds_in 
Gear box speed [RPM]. 
gear_box_temperature_references 
Cold and hot reference temperatures [°C]. 
gear_box_temperatures 
Temperature vector [°C]. 
gear_box_torque_losses 
Gear box torques losses [N*m]. 
gear_box_torques_in 
Torque required vector [N*m]. 
gear_box_type 
Gear box type (manual or automatic or cvt). 
gear_shifts 
When there is a gear shifting []. 
gears 
Gear vector []. 
gross_engine_powers_out 
Gross engine power (prelosses) [kW]. 
has_energy_recuperation 
Is the vehicle equipped with any brake energy recuperation technology? 
has_exhausted_gas_recirculation 
Does the engine have exhaust gas recirculation technology? 
has_gear_box_thermal_management 
Does the gear box have some additional technology to heat up faster? 
has_lean_burn 
Does the engine have lean burn technology? 
has_motor_p0 
Has the vehicle a motor in P0? 
has_motor_p1 
Has the vehicle a motor in P1? 
has_motor_p2 
Has the vehicle a motor in P2? 
has_motor_p2_planetary 
Has the vehicle a motor in planetary P2? 
has_motor_p3_front 
Has the vehicle a motor in P3 front? 
has_motor_p3_rear 
Has the vehicle a motor in P3 rear? 
has_motor_p4_front 
Has the vehicle a motor in P4 front? 
has_motor_p4_rear 
Has the vehicle a motor in P4 rear? 
has_periodically_regenerating_systems 
Does the vehicle has periodically regenerating systems? []. 
has_roof_box 
Has the vehicle a roof box? []. 
has_selective_catalytic_reduction 
Does the engine have selective catalytic reduction technology? 
has_start_stop 
Does the vehicle have start/stop system? 
has_sufficient_power 
The cycle’s percentage in which the vehicle has sufficient power [%]. 
has_torque_converter 
Does the vehicle use torque converter? [] 
hybrid_modes 
Hybrid mode status (0: EV, 1: Parallel, 2: Serial). 
identified_co2_emissions 
CO2 instantaneous emissions vector [CO2g/s]. 
idle_engine_speed 
Engine speed idle median and std [RPM]. 
idle_engine_speed_median 
Idle engine speed [RPM]. 
idle_engine_speed_std 
Standard deviation of idle engine speed [RPM]. 
ignition_type 
Engine ignition type (positive or compression). 
inertial_factor 
Factor that considers the rotational inertia [%]. 
initial_drive_battery_state_of_charge 
Initial state of charge of the drive battery [%]. 
initial_engine_temperature 
Initial engine temperature [°C]. 
initial_friction_params 
Engine initial friction params l & l2 []. 
initial_gear_box_temperature 
Initial gear box temperature [°C]. 
initial_service_battery_state_of_charge 
Initial state of charge of the service battery [%]. 
initial_temperature 
Initial engine temperature [°C]. 
initial_velocity 
Initial velocity [km/h]. 
is_cycle_hot 
Is an hot cycle? 
is_hybrid 
Is the vehicle hybrid? 
is_plugin 
First arg. 
is_serial 
Is the vehicle serial hybrid? 
k1 
K1 NEDC parameter (first or second gear) []. 
k2 
K2 NEDC parameter (first or second gear) []. 
k5 
K5 NEDC parameter (first or second gear) []. 
kco2_nedc_correction_factor 
kco2 NEDC correction factor [CO2g/km/Ah]. 
kco2_wltp_correction_factor 
kco2 WLTP correction factor [CO2g/Wh]. 
ki_additive 
Additive correction for vehicles with periodically regenerating systems [CO2g/km]. 
ki_multiplicative 
Multiplicative correction for vehicles with periodically regenerating systems []. 
last_gear_box_ratio 
Gear box ratio of the last gear []. 
lockup_speed_ratio 
Minimum speed ratio where torque ratio==1. 
m1000_curve_factor 
Rescaling factor of m1000 curve [N*m/1e6]. 
m1000_curve_norm_torques 
Normalized torques of m1000 curve []. 
m1000_curve_ratios 
Speed ratios of m1000 curve []. 
max_engine_coolant_temperature 
Maximum engine coolant temperature [°C]. 
max_gear 
Maximum gear of the gear box []. 
max_speed_velocity_ratio 
Maximum speed velocity ratio of the gear box [h*RPM/km]. 
max_time 
Maximum time [s]. 
max_velocity 
Max vehicle velocity [km/h]. 
max_velocity_full_load_correction 
Maximum velocity to apply the correction due to the full load curve. 
maximum_vehicle_laden_mass 
Technically permissible maximum laden mass [kg]. 
maximum_velocity 
Maximum velocity [km/h]. 
mean_piston_speeds 
Mean piston speed vector [m/s]. 
min_engine_on_speed 
Minimum engine speed to consider the engine to be on [RPM]. 
min_time_engine_on_after_start 
Minimum time of engine on after a start [s]. 
missing_powers 
Missing engine power [kW]. 
motive_powers 
Motive power [kW]. 
motor_p0_efficiency 
Motor P0 efficiency []. 
motor_p0_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P0 [kW]. 
motor_p0_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P0 [kW]. 
motor_p0_maximum_power_function 
Maximum power function of motor P0. 
motor_p0_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P0 [kW]. 
motor_p0_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P0 [N*m]. 
motor_p0_powers 
Power at motor P0 [kW]. 
motor_p0_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P0 [RPM]. 
motor_p0_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P0 speed and engine speed []. 
motor_p0_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P0 [RPM]. 
motor_p0_torques 
Torque at motor P0 [N*m]. 
motor_p1_efficiency 
Motor P1 efficiency []. 
motor_p1_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P1 [kW]. 
motor_p1_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P1 [kW]. 
motor_p1_maximum_power_function 
Maximum power function of motor P1. 
motor_p1_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P1 [kW]. 
motor_p1_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P1 [N*m]. 
motor_p1_powers 
Power at motor P1 [kW]. 
motor_p1_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P1 [RPM]. 
motor_p1_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P1 speed and engine speed []. 
motor_p1_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P1 [RPM]. 
motor_p1_torques 
Torque at motor P1 [N*m]. 
motor_p2_efficiency 
Motor P2 efficiency []. 
motor_p2_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P2 [N*m]. 
motor_p2_planetary_efficiency 
Motor P2 efficiency []. 
motor_p2_planetary_electric_powers 
Electric power of planetary motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_planetary_maximum_power 
Maximum power of planetary motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_planetary_maximum_power_function 
Maximum power function of planetary motor P2. 
motor_p2_planetary_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of planetary motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_planetary_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of planetary motor P2 [N*m]. 
motor_p2_planetary_powers 
Power at planetary motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_planetary_rated_speed 
Rated speed of planetary motor P2 [RPM]. 
motor_p2_planetary_speed_ratio 
Ratio between planetary motor P2 speed and planetary speed []. 
motor_p2_planetary_speeds 
Rotating speed of planetary motor P2 [RPM]. 
motor_p2_planetary_torques 
Torque at planetary motor P2 [N*m]. 
motor_p2_powers 
Power at motor P2 [kW]. 
motor_p2_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P2 [RPM]. 
motor_p2_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P2 speed and gear box speed []. 
motor_p2_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P2 [RPM]. 
motor_p2_torques 
Torque at motor P2 [N*m]. 
motor_p3_front_efficiency 
Motor P3 efficiency []. 
motor_p3_front_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P3 front [kW]. 
motor_p3_front_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P3 [kW]. 
motor_p3_front_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P3 front [kW]. 
motor_p3_front_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P3 [N*m]. 
motor_p3_front_powers 
Power at motor P3 front [kW]. 
motor_p3_front_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P3 [RPM]. 
motor_p3_front_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P3 speed and final drive speed in []. 
motor_p3_front_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P3 [RPM]. 
motor_p3_front_torques 
Torque at motor P3 [N*m]. 
motor_p3_rear_efficiency 
Motor P3 efficiency []. 
motor_p3_rear_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P3 rear [kW]. 
motor_p3_rear_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P3 [kW]. 
motor_p3_rear_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P3 rear [kW]. 
motor_p3_rear_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P3 [N*m]. 
motor_p3_rear_powers 
Power at motor P3 rear [kW]. 
motor_p3_rear_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P3 [RPM]. 
motor_p3_rear_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P3 speed and final drive speed in []. 
motor_p3_rear_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P3 [RPM]. 
motor_p3_rear_torques 
Torque at motor P3 [N*m]. 
motor_p4_front_efficiency 
Motor P4 efficiency []. 
motor_p4_front_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P4 front [kW]. 
motor_p4_front_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P4 [kW]. 
motor_p4_front_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P4 front [kW]. 
motor_p4_front_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P4 [N*m]. 
motor_p4_front_powers 
Power at motor P4 front [kW]. 
motor_p4_front_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P4 [RPM]. 
motor_p4_front_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P4 speed and wheel speed []. 
motor_p4_front_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P4 [RPM]. 
motor_p4_front_torques 
Torque at motor P4 [N*m]. 
motor_p4_rear_efficiency 
Motor P4 efficiency []. 
motor_p4_rear_electric_powers 
Electric power of motor P4 rear [kW]. 
motor_p4_rear_maximum_power 
Maximum power of motor P4 [kW]. 
motor_p4_rear_maximum_powers 
Maximum power vector of motor P4 rear [kW]. 
motor_p4_rear_maximum_torque 
Maximum torque of motor P4 [N*m]. 
motor_p4_rear_powers 
Power at motor P4 rear [kW]. 
motor_p4_rear_rated_speed 
Rated speed of motor P4 [RPM]. 
motor_p4_rear_speed_ratio 
Ratio between motor P4 speed and wheel speed []. 
motor_p4_rear_speeds 
Rotating speed of motor P4 [RPM]. 
motor_p4_rear_torques 
Torque at motor P4 [N*m]. 
motors_electric_powers 
Cumulative motors electric power [kW]. 
n_dyno_axes 
Number of dyno axes []. 
n_gears 
Number of gears []. 
n_passengers 
Number of passengers including driver []. 
n_wheel 
Total number of wheels []. 
n_wheel_drive 
Number of wheel drive []. 
obd_fuel_type_code 
OBD fuel type of the vehicle []. 
obd_velocities 
OBD velocity vector [km/h]. 
on_engine 
If the engine is on []. 
on_idle 
If the engine is on idle []. 
optimal_efficiency 
Optimal efficiency and the respective parameters: 
passenger_mass 
Average passenger mass [kg]. 
path_distances 
Cumulative distance vector [m]. 
path_elevations 
Elevation vector [m]. 
phases_co2_emissions 
CO2 emission of cycle phases [CO2g/km]. 
phases_distances 
Cycle phases distances [km]. 
phases_fuel_consumptions 
Fuel consumption of cycle phases [l/100km]. 
phases_indices 
Indices of the cycle phases []. 
phases_integration_times 
Cycle phases integration times [s]. 
phases_willans_factors 
Willans factors: 
planetary_mean_efficiency 
Planetary mean efficiency []. 
planetary_ratio 
Fundamental planetary speed ratio []. 
plateau_acceleration 
Maximum acceleration to be at constant velocity [m/s2]. 
r_dynamic 
Dynamic radius of the wheels [m]. 
r_wheels 
Radius of the wheels [m]. 
rcb_correction 
Apply RCB correction? 
road_loads 
Cycle road loads [N, N/(km/h), N/(km/h)^2]. 
road_state 
Road state (i.e., dry, wet, rainfall, puddles, ice). 
rolling_resistance_coeff 
Rolling resistance coefficient []. 
service_battery_capacity 
Service battery capacity [Ah]. 
service_battery_charging_statuses 
Service battery charging statuses (0: Discharge, 1: Charging, 2: BERS, 3: Initialization) []. 
service_battery_currents 
Service battery current vector [A]. 
service_battery_delta_state_of_charge 
Overall delta state of charge of the service battery [%]. 
service_battery_electric_powers 
Service battery electric power [kW]. 
service_battery_electric_powers_supply_threshold 
Service battery not charging power threshold [kW]. 
service_battery_initialization_time 
Service battery initialization time delta [s]. 
service_battery_load 
Service electric load (engine off and on) [kW]. 
service_battery_loads 
Service battery load vector [kW]. 
service_battery_nominal_voltage 
Service battery nominal voltage [V]. 
service_battery_start_window_width 
Service battery start window width [s]. 
service_battery_state_of_charge_balance 
Service battery state of charge balance [%]. 
service_battery_state_of_charge_balance_window 
Service battery state of charge balance [%]. 
service_battery_state_of_charges 
State of charge of the service battery [%]. 
service_battery_status_model 
A function that predicts the service battery charging status. 
specific_gear_shifting 
Specific gear shifting model. 
speed_distance_correction 
Apply speed distance correction? 
speed_velocity_ratios 
Speed velocity ratios of the gear box [h*RPM/km]. 
stand_still_torque_ratio 
Torque ratio when speed ratio==0. 
start_stop_activation_time 
Startstop activation time threshold [s]. 
start_stop_hybrid_params 
Params of start stop model for hybrid electric vehicles. 
start_stop_model 
Start/stop model. 
starter_currents 
Starter currents [A]. 
starter_efficiency 
Starter efficiency []. 
starter_electric_powers 
Starter electric power [kW]. 
starter_model 
Starter model. 
starter_nominal_voltage 
Starter nominal voltage [V]. 
starter_powers 
Starter power [kW]. 
static_friction 
Static friction coefficient []. 
stop_velocity 
Maximum velocity to consider the vehicle stopped [km/h]. 
theoretical_motive_powers 
Theoretical motive power [kW]. 
theoretical_velocities 
Theoretical velocity vector [km/h]. 
time_cold_hot_transition 
Time at cold hot transition phase [s]. 
time_sample_frequency 
Time frequency [1/s]. 
times 
Time vector [s]. 
torque_converter_speed_model 
Torque converter speed model. 
traction_acceleration_limit 

traction_deceleration_limit 

tyre_category 
Tyre category (i.e., A, B, C, D, E, F, and G). 
tyre_class 
Tyre class (i.e., C1, C2, and C3). 
tyre_code 
Tyre code (e.g.,P225/70R14). 
tyre_dimensions 
Tyre dimensions. 
tyre_dynamic_rolling_coefficient 
Dynamic rolling coefficient []. 
tyre_state 
Tyre state (i.e., new or worm). 
unladen_mass 
Unladen mass [kg]. 
use_dt_gear_shifting 
If to use decision tree classifiers to predict gears. 
vehicle_body 
Vehicle body (i.e., cabriolet, sedan, hatchback, stationwagon, suv/crossover, mpv, coupé, bus, bestelwagen, pickup). 
vehicle_category 
Vehicle category (i.e., A, B, C, D, E, F, S, M, and J). 
vehicle_height 
Vehicle height [m]. 
vehicle_mass 
Vehicle mass [kg]. 
vehicle_width 
Vehicle width [m]. 
velocities 
Velocity vector [km/h]. 
velocity_speed_ratios 
Constant velocity speed ratios of the gear box [km/(h*RPM)]. 
wheel_drive_load_fraction 
Repartition of the load on wheel drive axles []. 
wheel_powers 
Power at the wheels [kW]. 
wheel_speeds 
Rotating speed of the wheel [RPM]. 
wheel_torques 
Torque at the wheel [N*m]. 
willans_factors 
Willans factors: 
wltp_base_model 
WLTP base model params. 
wltp_class 
WLTP vehicle class. 